The Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel

Estimated Range of Dating: 50-140 A.D.

Chronological List of Early Christian Writings
Online Text for The Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel

English Translation by Andrew Bernhard
Online Resources for The Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel

Text Excavation: Gospel of Peter, P. Oxy. 1224
Offline Resources for The Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel

J. K. Elliot, ed., The Apocryphal New Testament: A Collection of Apocryphal Christian Literature in an English Translation (Clarendon: Oxford University Press 2005).
Robert J. Miller, ed., The Complete Gospels: Annotated Scholars Version (Sonoma, CA: Polebridge Press 1992), pp. 416-418.
Schneemelcher, Wilhem, ed. Gospels and Related Writings. Translated by R. McL. Wilson. Vol. 1 of New Testament Apocrypha. Rev. ed. (Louisville: Westminster/John Knox 1991).
Recommended Books for the Study of Early Christian Writings
Information on The Oxyrhynchus 1224 Gospel

Oxyrhynchus 1224 consists of two small fragments from the late third or early fourth century. J. D. Crossan notes the following in his introduction in The Complete Gospels: “The papyrus is badly mutilated with not even a single complete line anywhere extant. Restorations are therefore highly conjectural. The text does not seem to be dependent on the New Testament gospels since none of their redactional elements are discernable in its few verses. Furthermore, where New Testament parallels exist, it is hard to discern a reason for the papyrus’ changes, if indeed those were its sources. As an independent gospel, it belongs, insofar as its fragmentary state allows us to see, not with discourse gospels involving the risen Jesus (e.g., the Secret Book of James and the Gospel of Mary), but with sayings gospels involving the earthly Jesus (e.g., Q and the Gospel of Thomas). But the vision in 3:2 and the debates in 4:1-2 and 5:1-2 indicate a position closer to Q than to Thomas. No opponents, for example, ever challenge Jesus in the few narrative situations in Thomas as they do here and in Q.” Crossan suggests that the document might have been written as early as the mid-first century.

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